The sights of Kazakhstan

We would like to offer you some information about beautiful land called Kazakhstan. The following information will help you to image this country and form the first impression.

ALMATY
Almaty is situated on the site of a Silk Road oasis called previously "Almaty". It was frontier post of Russians in 1854. The town was twice flattened by earthquakes in 1887 and 1911. It was renamed Alma-Ata (father of apples) and became capital of Kazakhstan in 1928. Today's Almaty is a beautiful city in any season at an altitude of 600-900 meters with a spectacular mountains back drop in the South. The Panfilov Park, museum of Kazakh Musical Instruments, State Art Museum, St. Nicholas Cathedral, Medeo - Ice Rink and Chymbulaq are worth visiting.

Cathedral of Zenkov
Cathedral is surrounded with Panfilov Park, a pleasant rectangle of greenery. The Cathedral is one of the few tzaristera buildingsurvived in the 1911 earthquake, despite the fact that it was build entirely of wood and constructed without nails.

Almaty Mosque
From the ancient times the mosque had been built in the most populated blocks of the cities. But they remained inaccessible for the external fuss. Almaty mosque is the biggest in Central Asia. It can accommodate up to 10 thousand believers at a time.

Medeo and Chimbulak
Medeo and Chymbulaq lie in the foothills of Zailiysky Alatau in a picturesque valley 15-km above Almaty. Medeo has one of the world's largest speed skating rinks at 1700 m above sea level. Chymbulaq at 2300 m is one of Central Asia's top skiing center and starting point for day hikes and treks in the Zailisky Alatau terminating at Issyk-Kul Lake in Kyrgyzstan.

Otyrar
About 150 km North-West of Chimkent lie the ruins of Otyrar the town that brought Jengiz Khan to Central Asia when its Governor murdered Great Khan's Merchants in 13th century. Close to ruins is Arslan-Bab mausoleum the tomb of an early mentor of Khodzha Ahmed Yassawi. 5 km away at the village of Shaulder is Al-Farabi museum containing some finds from Otyrar.

Tamgaly-Tash (the Rock Art Exhibition)
170 km North-West of Almaty, Tamgaly is a unique cultural monument representing several historical periods. The petroglyphs of different ages were discovered in 1957. The most ancient are believed to be from the bronze age containing erotic scenes, ritual and hunt dances, wild animals such as boar, oxen, mountain sheep, deer, horses, wolves, snow leopards and foxes, scattered in an area of about 10 km.


Charyn Canyon
Called "The little brother of the Grand Canyon", Charyn canyon is carved by the rapidly flowing Cyaryn river in to a flat and barren steppe 175 km East of Almaty. The passage of time has weathered this in to all sorts of weird, wonderful and colourful rock formations.

Altyn-Emel (National Park)
Situated 150 km from Almaty in South-Eastern Kazakhstan in Dzhungar mountain region. This national park covers an area of 600 thousand hectares. The area contains about 190 archaeological monuments of burial mounds and settlements of Bronze Age. It is an interesting combination of various topographies, has abundance of vegetation, animals and fish. It has a rich fauna including snow leopard, wolf, fox, steppe cat and many others.

TARAZ
Taraz is more than 2000 years old founded by Huns in 2nd and 3rd century пїЅпїЅ. It grew in to a large city and had an important position on the Silk Road until 11th century when it was capital of Karakhan State. Leveled by Jengiz Khan it rose again after 600 years as Northern frontier fort of Kokand Khanate. It fell to Russians in 1864 and was re-built again. The 11th century re-constructed tomb of Babazhi Khatun and 12th century Mausoleum of Aysha-Bibi (2 km West of Taraz) are worth visiting.

TURKESTAN
Turkestan (Yassy) was regarded as the spiritual and political center of the Turkic-speaking people and was the origin capital of the Kazakh khans. Turkestan is 1500 years old. Sheikh Hodja Akhmet Yassaui a Sufi mystic, poet and philosopher was the spiritual leader of the Turk people. The Hodja Akhmet Yassaui Mausoleum is an unsurpassed masterpiece of the medieval architecture and amazing complex of palaces and temples ...

Hodzha Akhmed Yassawi Mausoleum
165 km North-West of Chimkent lies the important site of Muslim pilgrimage. The Mausoleum of Khodzha Akhmed Yassawi, the first Turkic Muslim holy man, who died in 1166 and was buried with great honours in a small mausoleum. The Great Timur (Tamerlan) ordered a far grander mausoleum at the end of 14th century and is said to have participated himself. The magnificent complex is a good example of architectural crafts. The Turkish Government is financing for the restoration and the work is expected to go on for some more years.

Aksu-Dzhabagly (Reserve)
This beautiful 750 sq km patch of hills is the only preserve in Central Asia. For more than 70 years the mountain woods are safe from an axe. One cannot find another place with as many wonderful tree species and juniper woods. The Giant Aksu canyon 15 km long and 500 m deep has Tien-Shan brown bear, Siberia ibex and snow leopard.

ASTANA
Astana is the capital of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Since 1997 December 10 it was named Akmola, and since 1998 May 6 it was renamed in Astana (till 1961 Akmolinsk, then Selinograd). Astana is an important industry and cultural center of the republic, also railway and auto transport junction. In 1824 it was founded as the military locality, in 1868 it had got the status of the town, and in 50-s of 20th century it was an important center of development of virgin and disused lands in the north of the country ...

Baikonur Cosmodrome
It was on February 12, 1955 that the Central Committee of the Communist Party and Council of Ministers of the USSR by joint decision ratified the creation of a research center for rocket engineering and testing. The location of the cosmodrome was of prime strategic importance and after much consideration, the ideal spot was found in the vast steppes of Kazakhstan, Baykonur ...

Borovoe
The Borovoye lake is the beauty and pride of this a area featuring a variety of sanitariums, camping sites and resort with crowded shores and all attributes of resort life: restaurants, beaches, stores and dancing halls. Across the small mountainous isthmus you can get from the Borovoye lake to the Bolshoe Chebach lake. It is perfect for the lovers of unhurried and "wild" rest who prefer camping and twosome contact with nature ...