Personalities of Uzbekistan

Abu-Rayhon Beruniy – a remarkable scientist, amazing with variety of his scientific interests, boldness of idea, the author of more than 150 works devoted to actual issues of natural sciences, philosophy, history, philology, great encyclopaedist– the thinker, the humanist of the Middle Ages epoch. Outlook of Abu-Rayhon Beruniy was formed at the end of X – the beginning of XI century in Central Asia. He was born on 2 Zu-ul-hidja in 362 (on September 4, 973 A.D.) in suburb of Kyat, former feudal capital of Khorezm. On the native land he has received good education and from a youth began his scientific activity. Due to political events in Khoresm Beruniy left the native land and approximately in between 998-1004 lived in Gurgan, at southeast coast of Caspian Sea. At this time he has done a great work – «Monuments of the past generations ».Despite the unfavorable conditions for him in the capital Mahmuda, Beruniy was entirely given to scientific researches. Together with the army of sultan, Beruniy had several times visited India. He has taken advantage of the trips for studying this country and as a result, by 4030 he had written an outstanding composition on India. Earlier, in 1025 Beruniy finished "Geodesy". He died in Gazna 2 Radjab 440. (on December 11, 1048).

Al-Khorezmi Muhammed Bin-Mussa (783 - 850)
Nickname Al – Khorezmi specifies his native land – the Central Asian state Khoresm (nowadays territory of Uzbekistan), Bin Mussa – "son of Mussa", and one of nicknames of the scientist – Al – Madjusi– speaks about his origin from a sort of magicians (on – Arabic "madjus"). It shows also, that one of sources of knowledge of Mohammed Al – Хорезми was science prior to Islamic Central Asia the keepers of which were magicians. He managed in Baghdad the library of wisdom House of some sort of the Baghdad academy at caliphate of Al – Mamun. There were the arithmetic treatise « The Book about the Indian account », the algebraic treatise « The Brief book about calculation of algebra and almukabal», astronomical tables and a geographical path. Both mathematical treatises have been translated into Latin language of medieval Europe and served for a long time as the basic textbooks on mathematics. Nickname Al-Khorezmi in the modified form has turned to a nominal word "algorithm" and all over again meant all system of decimal item arithmetics. Subsequently this term has received a wider sense in mathematics as a rule performing operations in certain order.

Emir Mohammed Alim Khan ( 1880 – 1944 ) was the last emir of the Manghit dynasty , the last ruling dynasty of the Emirate of Bukhara in Central Asia . Although Bukhara was a protectorate of the Russian Empire from 1873, the Emir presided over the internal affairs of his emirate as absolute monarch and reigned from January 3, 1911 to August 30,1920. He was a direct descendant of Genghis Khan, the first Great Khan.Alim Khan's rule began with promise. Initially, he declared that he would no longer expect or accept any gifts, and prohibited his officials from demanding bribes from the public, or imposing taxes on their own authority. However, as time went by the Emir's attitude towards bribes, taxes and state salaries changed. The conflict between the traditionalists and the reformists ended with the traditionalists in control, and the reformers in exile in Moscow or Kazan . Like his predecessors, Alim Khan was a traditional ruler. He toyed with the idea of reform as a tool to keep the clergy in line, and only as long as he saw the possibility of using it to strengthen Manghit rule.He died in Kabul in 1944.

Abn Allāh ibn Sīnā was an astronomer , chemist , logician and mathematician , physicist and scientist, poet, soldier and statesman, theologian and foremost physician and philosopher of his time. He wrote almost 450 works on a wide range of subjects, of which around 240 have survived. In particular, 150 of the surviving works concentrated on philosophy and 40 of them concentrated on medicine . His most famous works are The Book of Healing and The Canon of Medicine , which was a standard medical text at many Islamic and European universities up until the 18th century. Ibn Sīnā developed a medical system that combined his own personal experience with that of Islamic medicine, the medical system of Galen, Aristotelian metaphysics and ancient Persian, Mesopotamian and Indian medicine. Ibn Sīnā is regarded as the father of modern medicine.

Alisher Navoiy (9 February 1441 – 3 January 1501) was a Central Asian politician, mystic, linguist, painter and poet of Uyghur origin who was born and lived in Herat. He is generally known by his pen name Navā'ī (meaning "the weeper"). Because of his distinguished Chagatai (Middle Turkic) poetry, he is considered by many throughout the Turkic-speaking world to be the founder of early Turkic literature. In particular he is claimed by the Uzbeks as their national poet, as the Uzbek language is descended from Chagatai.

Tīmūr bin Taraghay Barlas ( 1336 – February 1405 ), known in the West as Tamerlane, was a 14th century warlord of Turco-Mongol descent, conqueror of much of western and central Asia, and founder of the Timurid Empire and Timurid dynasty ( 1370 –1405) in Central Asia, which survived until 1857. He is more commonly known by variations of his pejorative Persian name Timur-e Lang which translates to Timur the Lame, as he was lame after sustaining an injury to the leg in battle.After his marriage into Genghis Khan 's family, he took the name Timūr Gurkānī being the Persianized form of the original Mongolian word kürügän, "son-in-law". As many as 17 million people may have died from his conquests.