Personalities of Kazakhstan

Ablai-Khan ( 1711 - 1781 ) was a Kazakh khan of the Middle Horde . Born as Abulmansur. Ablai-Khan belonged to the senior branch of descendants of the 15th century founder of the Kazakh state, Janybek Khan . In the first half of the 18th century Ablai-Khan proved to be a talented organizer and commander as he headed detachments of the Kazakh militia fighting the Dzungars . He participated in the most significant battles against the Dzungars from the 1720s to the 1750s, for which he was declared a "batyr" ("hero") by the people. Ablai's activity aimed to create a strong and independent Kazakh state. He headed the unified forces of the Kazakhs and furthered the centralization of state power in Kazakhstan . In 1771 at the meeting of the representatives of the three hordes (Kazakh " zhuz " or "one hundred"), Ablai was elected as a Kazakh khan.During the Qing campaigns against the Dzungars , Ablai Khan chose not to take sides in the Dzungar- Chinese conflict. Once the conflict was settled, Ablai offered his submission to the Qianlong Emperor . Ablai was confirmed as Kazakh khan by both the Chinese and the Russians. Upon his death in 1781 he was interred in the Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasavi in Hazrat-e Turkestan . Ablai Khan's descendants still live in Kazakhstan ; Chokan Valikhanov was one of these.

Abay was born on Shinghis Mountain (in today's East Kazakhstan Province ), the son of Qunanbay and Uljan, Qunanbay's second wife. They named him Ibrahim, but because of his brightness, he soon was given the nickname "Abay", (meaning "careful") a name that stuck for the rest of his lfe. His father's economic status enabled the boy to attend a Russian school in his youth, but only after he had already spent some years studying at a madrash under Mullah Ahmet Ryza. At his school in Semipalatinsk , Abai encountered the writings of Mikhail Lermontov and Aleksandr Pushkin . Abay's main contribution to Kazakh culture and folklore lies in his poetry, which expresses great nationalism and grew out of Kazakh folk culture. Before him, most Kazakh poetry was oral, echoing the nomadic habits of the people of the Kazakh steppes . During Abai's lifetime, however, a number of important socio-political and socio-economic changes occurred. Russian influence continued to grow in Kazakhstan , resulting in greater educational possibilities as well as exposure to a number of different philosophies, whether Russian, Western , or As ian. Abay Qunanbayuli steeped himself in the cultural and philosophical history of these newly-opened geographies. In this sense, Abai's creative poetry affected the philosophical thinking of educated Kazakhs. Abay also translated into Kazakh the works of Russian and European authors, mostly for the first time.

Abū Nasr Muhammad ibn al-Farakh al-Fārābi or Abū Nasr al-Fārābi, also known in the West as Alpharabius, Al-Farabi, Farabi, and Abunaser (between 14 December 950 and 12 January 951 ) is considered a great polymath , scientist and philosopher in the history of Persia and the Islamic world . Farabi made notable contributions to the fields of mathematics , philosophy , medicine and music . As a philosopher and Neoplatonist , he wrote rich commentary on Aristotle 's work. Al-Farabi was also the first Muslim philosopher to develop a non- Aristotelian logic . He discussed the topics of future contingents , the number and relation of the categories , the relation between logic and grammar , and non-Aristotelian forms of inference . He is also credited for categorizing logic into two separate groups, the first being "idea" and the second being " proof ." Farabi wrote books on sociology and a notable book on music titled Kitab al-Musiqa (The Book of Music). He played and invented a varied number of musical instruments and his pure Arabian tone system is still used in Arabic music . Perhaps, his most notable work is Al-Madina al-fadila where he theorized an ideal state as in Plato's Republic . Farabi is also known for his early investigations into the nature of the existence of void in physics.

Dinmukhamed (Dimash) Akhmeduly Konayev ( 1912 - 1993 ) was a Kazakh Soviet Communist political figure. Kunayev was deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Kazakh SSR from 1942 to 1954. In 1947, 1951, 1955 and 1959 he also was a deputy in the Kazakh SSR Supreme Soviet. Kunayev's rise in Communist Party ranks had been closely tied to that of Leonid Brezhnev 's.

Kurmangazy Sagyrbaev ( 1823 – 1896 ), was a Kazakh composer , instrumentalist, and folk artist. He is buried in the Astrakhan region of Lower Volga in today's Russian Federation .

Mukhtar Auezov ( 1897 - 1961 ) was a prominent Soviet Kazakh writer. He was born into a nomadic family the village of Chingistan in the Semipalatinsk region. His grandfather taught him to read and write. Auezov was then educated at the Semipalatinsk Teacher’s Seminary and Linigrad State University. Auezov is best known for his plays. The first play he authored was Enlik-Kebek, a story of two young lovers which bears a great resemblance to Romeo and Juliet . He authored more than twenty plays which dealt with issues relevant to Socialism in Kazakhstan . After writing plays, Auezov changed his focus to writing novels. Two novels - Abay and The Path of Abay - dealing with the life of Kazakh poet Abay Qunanbayuli were the product of the last twenty years of his life. Auezov's other projects included drawing and translating literature into the Kazakh language