About Kazakhstan

Full country name: Republic of Kazakhstan
Capital: Astana
Total Area: 2.7 mln.sq km
Population: 16.731.303 mln
Languages: Kazakh (Kazakh, state language) 40%, Russian (official, used in everyday business) 66%
Religions: Muslim 47 %, Russian Orthodox 44%, Protestant 2%, other 7%
Currency: 1 Kazakhstani tenge = 100 tiyn
Industry: Oil, coal, iron ore, manganese, chromite, lead, zinc, copper, titanium, bauxite, gold, silver, phosphates, sulfur, iron and steel, nonferrous metal, tractors and other agricultural machinery, electric motors, construction materials.

Natural Resources: major deposits of petroleum, natural gas, coal, iron ore, manganese, chrome ore, nickel, cobalt, copper, molybdenum, lead, zinc, bauxite, gold, uranium.

Kazakhstan is the ninth biggest country in the world, covering 2.7 million sq. km. Kazakhstan borders Russia to the North, China to the East, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan to the South, and the Caspian Sea to the West. The total length of these borders exceeds 15000 km.

The landscape of Kazakhstan is diverse. The northern forest –steppe becomes steppe, semi – desert and desert in the South. The steppe zone covers approximately one third of the territory of the country, while the semi – desert region, which extends from the Caspian Sea to the Alatau Mountains, makes up 15 % of the Republic’s land area.

The Climate of Kazakhstan, typically for land – locked regions, varies widely throughout the country. Average January temperatures range from - 19 C (0 F) in the north to – 3 C (27 F) in the south, but temperatures in northern regions may fall as low as – 40 C or below. Levels of precipitation vary from 1500 mm in central desert regions. Kazakhstan enjoys some 200 to 300 days of sunshine per year. Kazakhstan’s relatively developed economic structure is based on its vast deposits of natural resources. In addition, Kazakhstan is a major producer and exporter of agricultural products – primarily grain, wool and meat. There are also significant reserves of hydrocarbons and mineral resources such as chrome, oil and natural gas. The main branches of industry are metallurgy and production of industrial equipment, chemicals, textiles and processed foods.

More than 100 nationalities are represented in Kazakhstan. The main ethnic groups are Kazakhs (more than 50 %) and Russians (over 30%). Others include Ukrainians, Germans, Tatars, Uzbeks, Belorussians, Azerbaijanis and Koreans.